However, before making the explanation, let’s talk about the concept that we call the ” Higgs Boson “.
About 13.7 billion years ago , an explosion called the Big Bang caused the space we live in to form. Although it is called an explosion, the Big-Bang is actually a discharge of energy. It is the emission of a very dense energy due to being trapped in a tiny dot (some claim it is the size of a pinhead). I’m sure most people reading this article have heard of the CERN experiment. The main purpose of this experiment is to understand the events that took place right after the Big-Bang. For this, the particles collide with each other. Because immediately after the Big Bang, tremendous energy emerged.
In order to recapture such energy and see what it causes, particles (for example, two protons) are collided with each other and the results are observed and information about the beginning of our universe is tried to be obtained. The aim of some scientists was to find the Higgs boson, which has been considered for a long time. However, while the concept was just getting popular, there was 20th century technology and it was not easy to find this particle with that technology.
Therefore, although its name was initially called “Goddamn Particle”, that is, “God’s Curse Particle”, it was changed to “God Particle” because it was known that slang words would not be welcome in the scientific community. This particle we call the “Higgs boson” is actually a force carrier particle, just like a photon. It is the force carrier particle of the Higgs Field.
Thinking of “What is the Higgs Field?” I feel like the question has passed. Let’s explain in the light of modern science;
However, before making the explanation, let’s talk about the concept that we call the ” Higgs Boson “. While observing particles, scientists observed that each particle has different masses from each other, and that some particles are even massless. So how did these masses change? Or what gave these particles their mass? Or how were the massless ones? The problem, which is based on these questions, has always puzzled scientists.
In technical terms, right after the Big Bang, the first particles spread out into space within a millionth of a second. So about 13.7 billion years ago. All of these emitted particles were initially massless. The Higgs Field is a field that pervades our universe. Particles passing through the Higgs Field after the Big-Bang interacted with it. However, by chance, some did not, and the particles gained mass depending on the size of the interaction. Those that interact a lot are heavier, those that interact less are lighter, and those that don’t interact at all (for example, a photon) are massless. Because mass is the resistance to acceleration. That is, particles that interact more with this field must be heavier than particles that interact less. “Higgs Field”, as I said before, Since it is everywhere in the universe, it makes us humans also have mass. If this field did not exist, the human race would not exist today. Let me give an example to make it simpler:
Let there be a classroom and many students in it. Then someone comes out the door and says that an important person is coming. For example, “Richard Dawkins was going to explain the basics of the Theory of Evolution in class.” Hearing this, of course, the students will get excited and move as soon as Dawkins enters the room, slowing his progress, and as Dawkins actually progresses, the number of students heading towards him will increase even more.
Thus, students who are fans of Dawkins will create a space and a mass in the classroom. In summary, we can accept this class as the Higgs Field. So, the more students Dawkins interacts with, the more he will naturally interact with the field, and therefore a greater mass entity will be created.