What is Cord Blood Banking?
Cord blood banking is the process of collecting, processing, and storing these cells for possible future use in stem cell treatments. Currently, stem cells in cord blood are used in the treatment of more than 85 diseases, including blood cancer diseases such as leukemia and genetic blood diseases such as Fanconi anemia.
Doctors, scientists, and industry experts believe that stem cells will play an important role in the future of regenerative medicine, and they could soon provide therapy for many incurable diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, and develop into entire organs. The stem cells in your baby are a unique reservoir.
They provide a perfect match for your baby. You have a 25% chance of matching a sibling, so if necessary, you don’t have to wait for a suitable donor and the body won’t reject these cells.
There is only one chance for your baby’s cord blood; the day they were born.
How does Cord Blood Banking work?
The science behind cord blood banking is complex, but storing your baby’s stem cells is easy. Here’s how it works.
We deliver your collection kit before your due date; it includes everything you need to collect the sample (just be sure to take it to the hospital on that big day!)
At the end of the birth, your doctor takes the cord blood and puts it in the collection kit.
The kit is given to a special courier and delivered to our laboratory as soon as possible.
We’ll see if your sample is healthy and viable for possible future use.
We process your sample, extract as many stem cells as possible, and store it in multiple portions for future use.
We check if your sample is healthy, determine the number of stem cells removed, and make sure it is alive and ready for possible future use.
Your baby’s sample is cryogenically frozen and stored for decades to come.
If you need your cells, we will take care of everything and can send them to any part of the world for free.
Cord blood was first proposed in 1983 as an alternative source of stem cells for transplantation use. In 1988, a hematologist in France, Dr. Eliane Gluckman, and an immunologist and microbiologist, Dr. He successfully performed the first cord blood transplant with the support of Hal E. Broxmeyer. This success has triggered many different studies, and the promising results have formed the basis of cord blood banking. The first cord blood bank was established in 1991 by Dr. It was founded by Pablo Rubinstein at the “New York Blood Center.”
In the following years, cord blood banks started to operate in different parts of the world. Today, cord blood banking has become widespread worldwide, and the number of centers operating in this field has exceeded 200.
Cord (umbilical cord) and cord blood banking is called “cord blood” and “cord (umbilical cord) banking after being taken through certain processes, subjected to quality control tests, and stored at temperatures below -180 °C after adding protective liquid. Due to the rich content of the stored cord (umbilical cord) and cord blood, it can be used as a source of stem cells in the future when necessary. The first preserved cord blood has been alive since 1991; it showed that cord blood stem cells can be stored in a healthy way for many years.
Misconceptions About Cord Blood Banking
Cord blood banking is one of the most exciting medical developments in recent years. However, it is a relatively new concept for most parents, and so there can be a lot of misunderstandings.
If you’ve heard of the benefits of cord blood and cord tissue banking but aren’t sure if you want to do it, the information below can help you make an informed decision.
CORD BLOOD COLLECTION MAY HAVE AN EFFECT ON DELIVERY AND DRAW BLOOD AWAY FROM THE BABY!
Fact: Cord blood collection is a painless, simple, and safe procedure for both mother and baby.
“Cord blood collection is a safe and painless procedure.” Since cord blood is taken after the baby is born, it does not pose a significant risk to you or your baby. It also does not affect the care of both mother and baby during childbirth.
Cord blood is rarely used in medical treatments today.
Cord blood is used to treat more than 80 different diseases!
“Cord Blood Stem Cell transplantation is used to treat more than 80 diseases, including bone marrow disorders, blood cancers, and autoimmune diseases.”
CORD BLOOD STEM CELLS MIGHT NOT MATCH MY FAMILY!
Stored cord blood stem cells have a higher compatibility rate for your family members than stem cells from someone else!
Your baby’s cord blood could potentially be used for other family members, especially siblings. This is because cord blood transplants can tolerate HLA antigen incompatibility while transplants from other sources, such as bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells, seek an exact match, whereas a low match for cord blood may be sufficient. ”
Treatment of diseases with cord blood is still in the experimental stage.
Since then, more than 30,000 stem cell transplants have been performed with cord blood, and it is aimed at storing more cord blood to meet the need for transplants worldwide in a short time. Stem cell applications can be classified into two main groups: standard treatments and experimental studies. For example, transplant treatments with blood stem cells are in the standard treatment group. Experimental studies are divided into clinical trials and non-clinical trials.
In particular, almost all of the connective tissue stem cell (mesenchymal stem cell, MSC) applications are experimental studies. In order for these studies to be accepted as standard treatment, a greater number of studies and longer follow-up of study results are necessary to clarify the effects and side effects of treatments. Experimental studies
What Type of Cord Blood Banking?
Cord blood banking is done in 3 ways in the world.
These banks are non-profitable banking types established by the state or foundations to meet medical needs.
It is a bank where cord blood is kept for the sick or individuals in the family who are at risk of illness, both for the baby himself and for the use of other members of the family. It is actually the safest option for families with many children and countries that have not established a national tissue information or cord blood bank.
It is cord blood banking where cord blood is reserved only for the owner’s child. The probability of using this banking model in medicine within the context of real need is 1/120,000. Families here mostly save their cord blood to benefit from regenerative medicine. However, what they should know at this point is that mesenchymal stem cells used in regenerative medicine are very rare in cord blood.
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