Fatigue is a constant feeling of tiredness and weakness. Fatigue, which is a risk factor in traffic and workplace accidents, can be caused by factors such as medical conditions, lifestyle, mental problems, and stress. Anemia, diabetes, thyroid disorders, infections, hormonal problems, liver or kidney problems, depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, or sleep apnea are all associated with fatigue.

Extreme fatigue often develops with symptoms such as depression, anxiety, trouble focusing, lack of motivation, drowsiness, muscle weakness, and pain. Fatigue that does not resolve with simple changes such as rest, regular exercise, and a healthy diet may be due to an underlying physical or mental health problem. Chronic fatigue, especially lasting longer than six months, should be evaluated by a doctor. Depending on your condition, the treatment plan may include medication.

What is fatigue?

Fatigue is a general feeling of weakness , exhaustion and lack of energy. Fatigue, which can be a chronic or temporary condition, is more of a symptom than a disease. Extreme fatigue is a common symptom of many physical and mental illnesses; it is a side effect of some drugs; It is also a natural consequence of lifestyle choices such as too little or too much physical activity, insufficient sleep, and poor diet.

It is different from being or feeling sleepy; A person who has an overwhelming urge to sleep does not feel fit even after resting. The feeling of exhaustion can make it difficult to get out of bed in the morning, do daily chores, go to work. You can ease your symptoms by changing your diet, exercise, or sleep habits.

fatigue symptoms

What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a complex disease characterized by extreme fatigue lasting at least six months that cannot be fully explained by an underlying medical condition. It is also known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis or Systemic Stress Intolerance Disease. The feeling of extreme fatigue worsens with physical or mental activity and does not improve with rest. It can affect anyone, including children, and is common in women.

Causes of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Although there are many theories, the exact cause of CFS is not known. The following factors are potential causes that may increase the risk of disease:
  • Viral infections such as glandular fever, human herpesvirus 6, Epstein-Barr virus,
  • Bacterial infections such as pneumonia
  • Immune system problems
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Injury, surgery, or psychological stress can all result in physical or emotional trauma.
  • Genetic factors

Symptoms of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

The severity of symptoms may differ from day to day. Typical symptoms include:

  • Overstrain
  • Sleep problems
  • Muscle, joint, or headache pain
  • flu-like symptoms
  • dizziness, palpitations of the heart
  • Memory, focus, and concentration problems
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck or armpit

Treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

To confirm the diagnosis of CFS, after the symptoms and medical history have been evaluated, various medical tests may be ordered to rule out other diseases with similar symptoms. Treatment for CFS focuses on improving symptoms. Depending on how the patient is affected, treatments include:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • A structured exercise program called incremental exercise therapy
  • Medication for pain, nausea, sleep problems

What causes fatigue?

Lifestyle factors

  • Excessive physical exertion or lack of physical activity
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Insufficient or too much sleep
  • malnutrition
  • Alcohol, drugs, cigarettes, caffeine
  • Workplace-related causes such as unemployment or heavy physical work, stressful work environment, long and irregular working hours

Medical conditions

  • Anemia, excessive blood loss
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
  • Infections such as colds, flu, malariatuberculosis, infectious mononucleosis, Cytomegalovirus, HIV, hepatitis
  • Hormonal disorders, thyroid diseases
  • Sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and insomnia are all examples of sleep disorders.
  • Weight problems and eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, obesity
  • Diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart and lung disease
  • Kidney and liver diseases
  • Autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus, arthritis, fibromyalgia,
  • IBD (Irritable Bowel Disease)
  • Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are two cancer treatments.
  • Vitamin, mineral deficiencies, poisoning
  • dehydration
  • Pregnancy

psychological reasons

  • Anxiety, stress
  • Depression
  • seasonal affective disorder.
  • grief, mourning
  • burnout


  • Some antidepressants, anxiety medications, and tranquilizers
  • Antihypertensives, statins, steroids, antihistamines, diuretics

signs of fatigue.

Symptoms of fatigue can be physical, mental, or emotional and tend to worsen after physical exertion.
  • Persistent fatigue, drowsiness
  • headache, dizziness
  • Pain, soreness, weakness in the muscles
  • slow reflexes
  • Impairment of judgment and judgment
  • Nervousness, anxiety, restlessness

What is good for fatigue?

If the disease that causes fatigue is left untreated, it can harm physical and emotional health. However, some lifestyle changes can help relieve fatigue.

quality sleep

Quality sleep is an important part of managing fatigue. For a good sleep:

  • Go to bed early for a full night’s sleep.
  • Every day, try to go to bed and wake up at the same time.
  • Make sure the bedroom is dark and quiet.
  • Turn off the devices one hour before going to sleep, as television, computer, and phone screen lights can stimulate brain activity and affect sleep quality.
  • Eat nothing before going to bed, don’t drink anything with caffeine, and don’t exercise.
  • Taking a warm bath before going to bed and listening to relaxing music helps to clear the mind of stressful thoughts.

Eating and drinking habits

Nutrition can affect whether a person is tired or energetic. A balanced diet contributes to health and good sleep.
  • Eating small, frequent meals throughout the day helps stabilize blood sugar levels.
  • Avoid junk food.
  • Choose whole grains and complex carbohydrates.
  • Consume plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Deficiencies of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 can cause fatigue. In addition to foods, you can take supplements under the supervision of a doctor.
  • Bananas, lean proteins (turkey, chicken, fish), nuts (walnut, almond, cashew), eggs, and apples are energy-source foods.

Physical activity

Regular exercise can reduce fatigue and provide a good sleep pattern. Taking action also increases the working efficiency of the heart, lungs, and muscles. However, a mindfulness program that includes yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises can help reduce anxiety and depression by improving quality of life.

Medicinal plants that are good for fatigue

Green tea

Green tea, which accelerates metabolism and strengthens the immune system, is also perfect for fatigue. While relaxing the body, it gives energy all day long thanks to the caffeine it contains. It contains natural antioxidants, polyphenols, and protective compounds that help prevent cell damage. (5) formalized paraphrase

To brew green tea, boil a cup of water, wait a few minutes. Infuse 1 teaspoon of green tea into it, infuse for 5 minutes, then strain. If you wish, you can add a lemon, a cinnamon stick, and honey and consume it hot or cold.

Black Seeds

Black cumin, which is a source of vitamins and minerals, is also rich in unsaturated fatty acids. Thanks to the thymoquinone it contains, it provides protection against cancer. It reduces muscle and joint pain, strengthens immunity, regulates sleep, relieves stress and tension by reducing (6 total)

Black cumin seeds and oil can be used against fatigue. On an empty stomach, approximately 1 teaspoon of black cumin with salad, yogurt, or omelet varieties; black cumin oil can also be consumed on an empty stomach, 1-2 teaspoons a day.


Caffeine-free hibiscus is rich in antioxidants. It strengthens the immune system, prevents cell damage, and is an important source of vitamin C. Hibiskus tea, which can be drunk hot or cold, is a powerful energy store against chronic fatigue.

Infuse 2 tablespoons of dried hibiscus flowers in 1 liter of hot water for 10-15 minutes and strain. You can flavor it with honey, cinnamon sticks, mint, and ginger.


Ginseng, which has antioxidant properties, is widely used for stress-induced fatigue. It increases energy, revitalizes the body and strengthens the immune system.

Dried ginseng root can be cut into small pieces or grated and consumed as a tea. Added to boiling water, ginseng can be filtered and drunk after infusing for 5 minutes.


Rosemary, which contains many vitamins and minerals, is a very powerful antioxidant. Rosemary oil and tea, which is mostly used as a spice, are also consumed. Rosemary tea supports the body against chronic fatigue, weakness, and depression, gives vitality, relieves pain, and is anti-inflammatory.

1 branch of fresh or 1 teaspoon of dried rosemary is ready to drink after infusing in 1 cup of hot water for 10 minutes. You can add lemon, ginger, or honey if you wish.

All herbal and food supplements should be used under the supervision of a doctor.
chronic fatigue syndrome

Advice for those suffering from fatigue

Unless the cause of fatigue is a medical condition, there are many simple ways to increase energy, some even slowing the aging process.

  • Consult a doctor if fatigue lasts more than 2 weeks, is not relieved by simple lifestyle changes, and is accompanied by any of the following: Rectal bleeding, vomiting blood, severe headache and chest pain, feeling faint, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, severe abdominal, back, or pelvic region pain.
  • Avoid toxins such as alcohol, tobacco, and drugs.
  • Help manage stress and stay fit with yoga, mindfulness meditation, and regular exercise.
  • Maintain a healthy weight by trying to lose excess weight. Even minor weight loss provides a significant energy boost, improving mood, vitality, and quality of life.
  • Some people have a burst of energy in the morning, some at night. These individual differences in daily energy patterns are determined by brain structure and genetics. By becoming aware of your own circadian rhythms, you can plan strenuous activities according to your body clock when your energy levels are at their peak.
  • Dehydration consumes energy, impairs physical performance, and reduces alertness and concentration. Drinking plenty of water nourishes and moisturizes the body. If your urine is pale yellow or straw-colored, you are not drinking enough water.
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