What is Adenoid?

The adenoid, or adenoid, is the name given to the grape-like tissue mass at the back of the nasal cavity. Like the lymph nodes, the adenoids are part of the immune system and are made of the same type of tissue.It catches bacteria and viruses that enter the nose and produces antibodies that help the body fight germs. In order for the adenoids to cause problems, the Eustachian tubes that ventilate the ear must reach dimensions that will interrupt the air passage through the nose or close the mouth.

Which is a part of the body’s defense system adenoids may lead to more frequent infections caught the child. Adenoids can become a source of bacteria for the body with the development of the bacterial layer. The enlarged-adenoid causes obstruction of the nasal airway and makes nasal breathing impossible.

White blood cells circulate in the adenoids and other lymphoid tissues, reacting to foreign invaders in the body. Everyone has adenoids at birth and during childhood, but they begin to shrink as they progress towards puberty. In adulthood, most people’s adenoids have disappeared.

If your child has frequent adenoid-enlargement or  adenoid  inflammation , Adenoidectomy may be recommended. Children do not get sick more often after adenoid is removed because other tissues that perform the same task in the body can fill the gap.


Reasons

What are the Causes of it?

adenoiditis

Infection of the adenoid, usually caused by bacteria or viruses .

Enlarged-Adenoids

In children, the adenoids may become enlarged due to infection or unknown reasons . Very large adenoids can interfere with breathing or mucus flow.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Enlarged adenoids while sleeping can intermittently block airflow from the throat. This can cause a person to stop breathing for a few seconds and occur several times each night.

Ear Infections (Otitis)

In children, enlarged adenoids can cause a blockage in the Eustachian tubes that drain fluid from the ears to the throat. If these tubes cannot be emptied, recurrent ear infections may occur.


Symptoms

Adenoid-Symptoms

Various symptoms may be encountered in cases of adenoid-enlargement :

  • Persistent mouth breathing due to difficulty breathing through the nose
  • nasal speech
  • wheezing when breathing
  • snoring during sleep
  • Holding your breath for a few seconds during sleep Sleep apnea)

It is important for the families who witness the symptoms to take a video while the child is asleep, so that the doctor can diagnose it.

Discomforts That Can Be Caused by it

  • hearing loss
  • Snoring and respiratory arrest during sleep
  • urinary incontinence
  • otitis media
  • Sinusitis
  • restless sleep
  • developmental delay
  • Growth problems due to changes in growth hormone
  • Facial deformities
  • Anorexia
  • Distractibility
  • seen in children who cannot sleep well hyperactivity and behavioral disorders
  • failure in school
  • Chronic sinusitis and nocturnal coughing attacks
  • Loss of fluid from the body due to mouth breathing and bad breath
  • Dental caries due to mouth breathing
  • Nose bleeding

Diagnostic Methods

What are the Adenoid Diagnostic Methods?

endoscopy

A small, flexible tube with a lighted camera at the end is inserted into the nose and throat so that he can see the adenoids.

Computed Tomography(CT)

A CT scanner takes multiple X-rays and the computer creates detailed images of the sinuses, nasal cavities, and adenoids.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

High-power magnets and computers are used to create highly detailed images of the nasal passages, sinuses, and adenoids.


Treatment Methods

Adenoidectomy in children is first started with the help of antibiotics. If the adenoid is not inflamed, your doctor may recommend waiting for a while because some change in the size of the adenoid is normal. In addition, over time, your child’s adenoid may shrink on its own.

In the presence of symptoms such as nasal congestion, sleeping with an open mouth, snoring , and otitis media in children that cannot be relieved by drug treatments, the adenoid size should be investigated. If there is a narrowing in the airway as a result of the examination and evaluation, surgical operation can be decided.

antibiotics

Antibiotics kill bacteria and heal sinus or ear infections caused by bacteria.

Adenoidectomy

In cases where the adenoids are large enough to cause other health problems, surgery is required to remove the adenoids.

In Which Situations Is Adenoid Surgery Decided?

Your doctor may recommend performing adenoid surgery if breathing difficulties, sleep apnea, frequently recurring adenoid inflammation, and speech disorder are present.

In addition, the treatment of infections that do not go away despite medical treatments and cause an obstructed airway for at least 3 months are surgical methods.

Adenoidectomy is a simple operation that takes about 20 minutes and does not require incision. There is no possibility of recurrence of adenoid removed using effective and proper surgery.

Does Growth Rate Increase After Adenoidectomy?

It is not necessary to follow any diet for eating and drinking after the surgery. It is recommended to consume soft foods for only 3 days and it is very important to consume plenty of fluids. While cleaning the nose, it is preferred to use sea water or saline sprays.

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